(Call for Special Session at LAFIA 2021)
Migration: Impacts and Responses
Migration, viewed from the individual's perspective is a push to alternative markets where migrants hope to earn a better living; the push is often rooted in the comparative difference in the levels of development of the rural and urban areas. The imbalance between the urban and rural sectors in developing countries is often blamed on the colonial era where selective development of locations in countries like Nigeria triggered off rural urban migration. Policies enacted by several indigenous governments, decades after colonialism have not succeeded in closing the gaps The pressure of new entrants in urban areas could lead to pressure on social amenities, employment opportunities and breeds crime. It has been almost impossible to close the development gaps between rural and urban areas in many African countries; despite the several attempts being made. Poor governance may also be blamed due to the fact that rural communities have consistently been neglected.
Several studies on rural urban migration have focused on causal factors such as discriminatory government policies; disparities in employment and income opportunities, catastrophes and natural disasters; others have focussed on personal benefits such as receipts of remittances and the impact of these on the livelihood of households left behind. Consequences of migration which have been discussed in the literature include depopulation of rural communities, congestion in the urban centers and governance problems such as improper planning in terms of infrastructure and development and poor border controls in receiving centres. These imply that rural agricultural output is reduced because of structural changes in communities while pressure on urban centres may be increased by the influx of migrants from neighbouring countries.
While the interactions between migrants and the sending households is acknowledged, there is paucity of information and empirical evidence on the broader sense of a long term relationship or interaction across the different areas of livelihoods of both groups in the different locations; and spanning decades. Migration has varied effects on the communities and those left behind. Migrants can remit money to the family which can be used to meet needs, particularly those related to nutrition. Migrant sending households may support the migrant until he or she achieves a stable economic/social status. In many ways, there is an element of reverse causality or simultaneity which suggests that rural-urban migration may not necessarily be dichotomous. An understanding of the long term complex relationships across geographical zones could enhance policy formulation and implementation for sustainable development.
This call is for research which examines the complex patterns of relationship between migrants and the households left behind; the sending communities and associations at the receiving centers. The research should examine the possible social, environmental and economic effect of such relationships or exchanges over time; including intra-household gender relations and resource allocation. The research can be anecdotal and or empirical.
The dead line for full papers is 31st of August, 2021. Kindly send papers via https://www.ereviewer.org/MIR-LAFIA There is no need to create another ereviewer account, please use the same account that you use in making submission for the conference paper.
PS: The papers selected will be part of a session at the forth coming NAAE conference at FULafia. As such authors of selected or successful papers must register and pay the required conference fees online.